Commission of european communities

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Европейская комиссия — Википеди

  1. Executive power of the Union is held by the Council, it confers on the Commission such powers for it to exercise. However the Council may withdraw these powers, exercising them directly, or impose conditions on their use.[21][22] Powers are outlined in Articles 211–219 of the EC treaty[23] and are more restricted than most national executives, in part due to the Commission's lack of power over areas like foreign policy – that power is held by the European Council, which some analyses have described as another executive.[24]
  2. ate trade barriers and implement unified trade policies, member countries needed to cooperate politically and arbitrate differences peacefully. The benefit for all countries would be the ability to engage in profitable trade across borders. In 1962, the EEC implemented an agricultural policy that shielded EEC farmers from competition arising from agricultural imports.
  3. Once legislation is passed, it is the Commission's responsibility to ensure it is implemented. It does this through the member states or through its agencies. In adopting the necessary technical measures, the Commission is assisted by committees made up of representatives of member states (a process known in jargon as "comitology").[33] Furthermore, the Commission is responsible for the implementation of the EU budget; ensuring, along with the Court of Auditors, that EU funds are correctly spent.

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The European Community (EC) is experiencing its most important period of reform since the completion of the Common Market in 1968. 2. Article 8A of the 1985 EC Commission White Paper, as amended by the SEA. 3. The Luxembourg compromise, which was announced to the world in a.. The European Commission (EC) is the executive body of the European Union responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the EU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the EU. Commissioners swear an oath at the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg.. Microsoft disputed the factual basis for the Commission’s decision and maintained that Windows and its media functionality were not two distinct products. The company also submitted that: The European Commission was designated as both secretariat and proto-executive in the European institutional system. In its initial version, as the High Authority of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), it focused more on its executive side, while enjoying considerable autonomy

The term "Commission" can mean either the college of Commissioners, or the larger institution; including the administrative body of about 25,000 European civil servants, who are divided into departments called Directorates-General. It is primarily based in the Berlaymont building of Brussels and its internal working languages are English, French and German.[1] Commission of the European Communities. The European Commission, 1995-2000. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 1995. Model European Communities Project — MECP redirects here. MECP may also refer to Mobile Electronic Certifed Professional . The Model European Communities Programme (MECP) is a yearly political simulation organised by the European Schools. Selected students from each of the 12… …   Wikipedia How to abbreviate Commission of European Communities (see EC, EEC)? The most common shorthand of Commission of European Communities (see EC, EEC) is CEC. You can also look at abbreviations and acronyms with word CEC in term The European Commission is the executive branch of the European Union, responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the It is common, although not a formal requirement, that the commissioners have previously held senior political positions, such as being a member of..

Walter Hallstein led the first Commission of the EEC and achieved agreement on a contentious cereal price accord in the wake of Charles de Gaulle's veto of British membership as well as making a positive impression upon third countries when the Commission made its international debut at the Kennedy Round. However, in 1965 the Hallstein Commission triggered the "empty chair" crisis with controversial proposals for the Common Agricultural Policy. Although the institutional crisis was solved the following year, it cost Hallstein the presidency despite otherwise being viewed as the most 'dynamic' leader until Jacques Delors.[4] European Communities — (EC) the common term for the European Coal and Steel Community, Euratom and the European Economic Community. European Communities' Glossary — Compiled by the Terminology Service of the Commission, and containing translations into EC official languages.. European Communities' Glossary —   Compiled by the Terminology Service of the Commission, and containing translations into EC official languages of the essential concepts of EC legislation …   Glossary of the European Union and European Communities

Following Santer Romano Prodi took office. The Amsterdam Treaty had increased the Commission's powers and Prodi was dubbed by the press as something akin to a Prime Minister.[17][18] Powers were strengthen again with the Nice Treaty in 2001, giving the President more power over the composition of their Commission.[2] European Communities and European Political Cooperation would have as their 'bjectives to contribute together to making con-rete The Union has the following institutions: • The Commission • The Council of the European Union • The European Parliament • The European Court of Justice The.. In 2004 José Manuel Barroso became President, however the Parliament once again asserted itself in objecting to the proposed membership of the Barroso Commission. Due to the opposition Barroso was forced to reshuffle his team before taking office.[19] The Barroso Commission was also the first full Commission since the enlargement in 2004 to 25 members and hence the number of Commissioners at the end of the Prodi Commission had reached 30. As a result of the increase in states, the Amsterdam Treaty triggered a reduction in Commissioners to one Commissioner per state, rather than two for the larger states.[5] The first Commission originated in 1951 as the nine-member "High Authority" under President Robert Schuman. The Authority was the supranational administrative executive of the new European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC). In 1958 the Treaties of Rome established two new communities along side the ECSC: the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). However the executives were called "Commissions" rather than "High Authorities".[2] The reason for the change in name was the new relationship between the executive and the Council. Some states such as France expressed reservations over the power of the High Authority, wishing to limit its power, giving more power to the Council rather than the new executives.[3]

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  1. European Optical Society, Jonathan Maxwell (Editor). , Commission of the European Communities Directorate-General for science (Corporate Author)
  2. ate trade barriers, thereby improving economic conditions for the entire region. Additionally, government officials from member states (who were well aware of the tensions still simmering in the aftermath of World War II) wanted to promote a high level of integration and cooperation in order to reduce the likelihood of future wars.
  3. The Commission's powers in proposing law have usually centered on economic regulation. It has put forward a large number of regulations and they are based on a "precautionary principle." This means that pre-emptive regulation takes place if there is a credible hazard to the environment or human health: for example on tackling climate change and restricting genetically modified organisms. This is opposed to weighting regulations on the effect on the economy. Thus, the Commission have produced stricter a larger number of regulations that other countries, due to the size of the European market this has meant many regulators of the global market.[31]

European Commission European organization Britannic

Commission of European Communities - это Что такое

The European Commission has 20 commissioners who are people having held "senior positions" in their home countries. Two commissioners are appointed from each of the "big" member countries (France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the United Kingdom) and one each from the other ten member countries (Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Greece, Ireland, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, and Sweden). Commissioners are fully expected to be independent of their home countries when executing their duties and must act with fidelity to the EU. Commissioners are appointed by their home nations for renewable five-year terms. The president of the commission is chosen by the European Council after consultation with the European Parliament. The European Union is a political and economic union of 28 countries. Originally formed in 1958 by six countries (then the EEC), the EU has expanded in terms of size and integration. The aim of the EU is to promote European harmony through creating a single market, enabling the free movement of goods.. ..THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES Brussels, COM(1999) 708 final 2000/0021 (COD) Proposal for a RECOMMENDATION OF THE EUROPEAN A European Forum on the transparency of professional qualifications was set up by the Commission and Cedefop to follow up these Resolutions with.. Court of First Instance (of the European Communities) — a court created by the Single European Act that has a jurisdiction to hear and determine at first instance certain actions brought by natural or legal persons. There is a right of appeal to the Court of Justice of the European Communities. It has …   Law dictionary [ Michael Knes ]

Commission of the European Communities - dutie

Lastly, the European Atomic Energy Community (also known as "Euratom") was created in 1958 to establish a common market among member nations for trade in nuclear materials and equipment. Among Euratom's goals was to coordinate research and promote peaceful uses for atomic energy. In setting up the European Commission for the Efficiency of Justice (CEPEJ) at the end of... Facilitate the implementation of European standrards in the field of justice Support member states in their reforms on court organisation The European Commission prepares legislation for adoption by the Council (representing the member countries) and the Parliament (representing the citizens). It administers the budget and the policy programmes (agriculture, fisheries, research etc.) in cooperation with authorities in the member.. The EC also has legislative functions, such as proposing new laws for the European Parliament, and judicial functions, such as finding legal solutions to business and trade issues between countries within the EU. The body’s primary tasks, however, include:

The European Commission, the EU's primary executive body, wields the most day-to-day authority. It proposes laws, manages the budget, implements decisions, issues regulations The biggest outlays are for direct payments to farmers and the development of fisheries, forests, and rural communities • 'European Communities' → 'European Union'. Democracy and bringing the Union closer to its citizens. • European Parliament strengthened • Citizens' initiative The European Union or the EU is an intergovernmental and supranational union of 25 European countries, known as member states. The European Union's activities cover all areas of public policy, from health and economic policy to foreign affairs and defence The European Cultural Foundation initiates and supports cultural exchange and creative expression across wider Europe. We believe that culture inspires, empowers and engages We've transformed our festive physical celebration of Europe Day 2020 into a digital celebration, where we offer a series..

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The successor to Delors was Jacques Santer. However the entire Santer Commission was forced to resign in 1999 by the Parliament following allegations of fraud. That was the first time Commission had been forced to resigned en mass and represented a shift towards the Parliament.[15] However the Santer Commission did carry out work on the Amsterdam Treaty and the euro.[16] The European Communities (EC), sometimes referred to as the European Community,[1] were three From then on they became known collectively as the European Communities, for example the Commission was known as the Commission of the European Communities, although the..

European Commission - New World Encyclopedi

  1. The budget of the European Commission is generally around 3 percent of the total EU budget. Twenty percent of commission employees are involved with translation and interpretation services in an effort to coordinate the 11 official languages of the EU. The commission also has 24 directorates general, each in charge of such fields of endeavor and activity as transport, agriculture, environment, customs and indirect taxation, consumer policy and health protection, fisheries, and external relations with other world regions. Another important activity of the commission is to negotiate trade and other cooperative agreements with countries outside the EU. By the late 1990s the European Commission had negotiated more than 100 such agreements.
  2. Commission Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 2342/2002 of 23 December 2002 laying down detailed rules for the implementation of Council Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 1605/2002 on the Financial Regulation applicable to the general budget of the European Communities (OJ L 357, 31.12.2002)
  3. See Commission Proposal for a Council Decision Concerning the Accession of the European Community to the FAO, 1991 O.J. (C 292) 8, 10-12. 24 As called for, e.g., by the Commission. See Commission Opinion Reinforcing Political Union and Preparing for Enlargement, COM(96)0090..
  4. The European Cyber Security Organisation (ECSO) ASBL is a fully self-financed non-for-profit organisation under the Belgian law, established in June ECSO represents the contractual counterpart to the European Commission for the implementation of the Cyber Security contractual Public-Private..
  5. On June 23, 2016, the citizens of the United Kingdom voted to leave the European Union, a move dubbed Brexit in the press. The United Kingdom officially ended its membership in the European Union on Jan. 31, 2020.

European Commission: The European Commission is seen as the executive of the European Union, is in place to carry out EU decisions, and that treaties are being followed. One Commissioner serves as Commission President; the others hold distinct portfolios (e.g., agriculture, energy, trade) European politics in the union, welfare state and crisis Learn with flashcards, games and more — for The criticism made of the European Union that there is a gap between the European Community European Commission. Responsible for proposing, implementing, and monitoring compliance with.. European Commission

It is argued by some that the method of appointment for the Commission increases the democratic deficit in the European Union.[53][54] While the Commission is the executive branch, the candidates are chosen primarily by the 27 national governments, meaning it is hard for the Commission to be thrown out directly by the voters. The legitimacy of the Commission is mainly drawn from the vote of approval that is required from the Parliament along with Parliament's power to sack the body, however there has been less than 50 percent turnout in the Parliament's elections since 1999. While higher than some national elections, including the US Congress, the fact that there are no direct elections to the Commission President like in the US makes the post less legitimate in the eyes of the public.[55] A further problem is the lack of a coherent electorate, even though democratic structures and methods are developing there is not such a mirror in creating a European civil society.[56] The new Lisbon Treaty could go some way to resolving the deficit in creating greater democratic controls on the Commission, including enshrining the procedure of linking elections to the selection of the Commission president.[57] Under the plans of Vice President Wallström, European political parties would gain greater prominence and could lead to the Commission President being elected via the Parliament's elections.[58] The European Community (EC) was formed in 1957 by six European countries with the goal of providing economic stability and preventing future wars. The European Community dealt with policies and governing, in a communal fashion, across all member states. The primary goal of the.. Ahead of the European Parliament election, we outline the functions of the different branches of the European Union. What does the European Commission do Salaries posted anonymously by European Commission employees in Brussels. 422 European Commission employees have shared their salaries on Glassdoor. Select your job title and find out how much you could make at European Commission

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European Community (EC) Definitio

Microsoft v Commission of European Communities

What is the abbreviation for Commission of European Communities? Commission of European Communities can be abbreviated as CEC European Communities — (EC) the common term for the European Coal and Steel Community, Euratom and the European Economic Community. European Communities' Glossary — Compiled by the Terminology Service of the Commission, and containing translations into EC official languages.. Covid-19: Information for the CEU community as well as applicants, admitted students, and prospective students. CEU iLab helps lead #EUvsVIRUS European Commission Hackathon. CEU iLab took part in the massive online initiative, which drew contributors from governments, universities.. European Economic Community (EEC) - Treaty of Rome 1957. The original 6 members of European Communities were. European Commission is considered as the guardian of the treaties signed. It also has legislative powers like proposing laws for debate

A new EC is appointed every five years, within six months of the elections to the European Parliament, which occur in June. The procedure is that the governments of the member states jointly select a commission president, who is then approved by Parliament. The president of the EC is chosen by the European Council, a body made up the heads of state of each of the countries in the EU, for a term lasting two and one-half years. The commission president-designate, in discussion with the member state governments, chooses the other members of the EC. The new Parliament then interviews each member and gives its opinion on the new EC as a body. After approval the EC officially begins its work. Its term of office runs until October 31 of the fifth year. ExxonMobil 'tried to get European Green Deal watered down'. This is Europe Climate action: the latest target of Europe's fossil fuel lobbyists. Published: 19 Feb 2020. UK-EU trade tensions descend into 'slide war'. About 2,295 results for European commission Most countries in Europe have abolished internal border controls but national lockdowns are leading to a resurgence of fences, barriers, and walls between Freedom of movement has been suspended in some regions despite being a key tenant of European society as seen with the adoption of the..

Smyrl, Marc E. "When (and How) Do the Commission's Preferences Matter?" Journal of Common Market Studies 36, no. I (March 1998): 79-99. Laws governing the European Union begin with European Commission proposals. In formulating these proposals the commissioners must take into account three conditions. These include 1) their proposed legislation must benefit the EU and its citizens as a whole, not regional interests or individual countries; 2) they must consult with "special interest groups," such as the various national governments, representatives of industry, labor unions, and technical experts; and finally, 3) their proposals must adhere to the principle of "subsidiarity," meaning that proposed legislation and subsequent action can only be undertaken by the EU if in doing so it is more effective than if the same action were undertaken by individual member countries. The passage of proposed legislation, although submitted by the commission, is dependent on joint cooperation of the commission, the European Parliament, and the Council of the European Union. The European Communities (EC), sometimes referred to as the European Community,[1] were three Each state also has a right to one European Commissioner each, although in the European Commission they are not supposed to represent their national interest but that of the Community The first of the three organizations in the European Community was the European Economic Community (EEC), also known as the Common Market. The EEC was established in 1957 by the Treaty of Rome as a way to unify the economies of Europe and reduce tensions that could lead to war. Of particular concern was to promote a lasting reconciliation between France and Germany.

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The European Commission derives from one of the five key institutions created in the supranational European Community system, following the proposal of Originating in 1951 as the High Authority in the European Coal and Steel Community, the Commission has undergone numerous changes in.. Edwards, Geoffrey, and David Spence, eds. The European Commission. New York: Stockton Press, 1994.

Legislative initiative

Microsoft Corp v. Commission of the European Communities (President of the CFI; T-201/04; 22.12.04). Summary. By the Commission's decision of 24 March 2004 under Article 82 (Case COMP/C-3/37.792), Microsoft was fined almost €500m. The following remedies, amongst others.. Commission President von der Leyen said the EU travel restrictions would be in place for an initial period of 30 days, and could be prolonged. Family members of European nationals, essential staff, such as doctors and nurses, and people transporting goods to the EU will be exempted, she added dict.cc | Übersetzungen für 'Commission of the European Communities CEC' im Englisch-Deutsch-Wörterbuch, mit echten Sprachaufnahmen, Illustrationen, Beugungsforme European Commission, Brussels, Belgium. 1,070,816 likes · 50,456 talking about this. Representing the interests of the EU as a whole. Here posts the..

Switzerland to lift some curbs on migration from Europe, considers opening borders with neighbors •. Pandemic unleashing 'tsunami of hate and xenophobia,' UN chief says •. China will work 'to prevent rebound of coronavirus outbreak' amid pressure from imported cases • The Commission was set up from the start to act as an independent supranational authority separate from governments, it has been described as "the only body paid to think European."[20] The members are proposed by their state governments, one from each, however they are bound to act independently – neutral from other influences such as those governments which appointed them. This is in contrast to the Council, which represents governments, and the Parliament, which represents citizens.[1] Microsoft’s attack on the Commission’s decision centred on the finding of the abusive nature of the refusal to make the interoperability information available, which in turn, raised a number of questions including whether the requirements laid down by the ECJ in IMS Health v. NDC Health [2004] All ER (EC) 813 were satisfied. Two issues in particular arose: Web projects for the European Commission. European Commission has 106 repositories available. Follow their code on GitHub New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article in accordance with New World Encyclopedia standards. This article abides by terms of the Creative Commons CC-by-sa 3.0 License (CC-by-sa), which may be used and disseminated with proper attribution. Credit is due under the terms of this license that can reference both the New World Encyclopedia contributors and the selfless volunteer contributors of the Wikimedia Foundation. To cite this article click here for a list of acceptable citing formats.The history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers here:

The European Commission comprises 27 commissioners, one of whom is the President of the commission and seven of whom are vice-presidents. Until the accession of the Barroso commission, the five large member states - Germany, France, the UK, Italy and Spain - nominated two members.. European Commission KEY COMPETENCES FOR LIFELONG LEARNING European Reference Framework Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities 2007 - 12 pp. - 17.6 x 25 cm. How to obtain EU publications The Commission differs from the other institutions in that it alone has legislative initiative over the European Community, meaning only the Commission can make formal proposals for legislation – bills cannot originate in the legislative branch. It shares this right with the Council over the CFSP pillar, and has no right over Police and Judicial Co-operation in Criminal Matters. In the Community however, Council and Parliament are able to request legislation; in most cases the Commission initiates the basis of these proposals, this monopoly is designed to ensure coordinated and coherent drafting of Union law.[27][28] This monopoly has been challenged by some who claim the Parliament should also have the right, with most national parliaments holding the right in some respects.[29] Under the Lisbon Treaty, EU citizens would also be able to request the Commission to legislate in an area via a petition carrying one million signatures, but it would not be binding.[30] The origin of the European Commission must be traced back to the High Authority, the institution envisioned by Robert Schuman and Jean Monnet in Germany to run the original European coal and steel community

The European Economic Area (EEA) unites the EU Member States and the three EEA EFTA States (Iceland, Liechtenstein, and Norway) into an Internal Market governed by the same basic rules. These rules aim to enable goods, services, capital, and persons to move freely about the EEA in an open.. However, with the extension of the Community competences in the area of safety1 and security2, upgrade of the Single European Sky3 and 6. At the initiative of the stakeholders and following broad consultations, the Commission has drawn an Agenda for sustainable future in General and Business.. European Communities — The European Communities (EC) were three international organisations that were governed by the same set of institutions. These were the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy …   WikipediaMicrosoft has set up a very basic web page for those interested in applying for a licence over the communications protocols (see www.microsoft.com/mscorp/legal/eudecision/). It has announced that it will make the version of Windows without the Media Player code available to PC manufacturers in January which, in turn, will mean that it will be available to resellers in February. Microsoft has also stated that the two versions will probably be sold at the same price.

The Commission is primarily based in Brussels, with the President's office and the Commission's meeting room on the 13th floor of the Berlaymont building. The Commission also operates out of numerous other buildings in Brussels and Luxembourg.[1][46] The Commission is divided into departments known as Directorates-General (DGs) that can be likened to departments or ministries. Each covers a specific policy area or service such as External relations or Translation and is headed by Director-General who is responsible to a Commissioner. A Commissioner's portfolio can be supported by numerous DGs, they prepare proposals for them and if approved by a majority of Commissioners it goes forward to Parliament and Council for consideration.[47][1] There has been criticism from a number of people that the highly fragmented DG structure wastes a considerable about of time in turf wars as the different departments and Commissioners compete with each other. Furthermore the DGs can exercise considerable control over a Commissioner with the Commissioner having little time to learn to assert control over their staff.[48][49] Watch our #COVID19 & Employment: Building a new normal webinar! A Q&A Forum moderated by Emily Clark, with our pane… https://t.co/YY46Zs657B A study undertaken for the European Commission shows D) 2. that EU firms can lose business opportunities through a lack of language skills. This is particularly the case for small and medium-sized enterprises, E). According to the study, nearly 1 million firms have lost contracts with potential clients..

The European Commission (EC) is the executive body of the European Union responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the EU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the EU United Nations Economic Commission for Europe. Sustainable Development Goals. English ..OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES COM(94) 81 final Brussels, 25.03.1994 PROGRESS REPORT 1993 CONCERNING THE COORDINATED INTRODUCTION OF THE INTEGRATED SERVICES DIGITAL NETWORK (ISDN) IN THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITY {presented by the Commission)..

1958 The European Community founded and the forerunner of Eurostat established. 1959 The present name of Eurostat as the Statistical Office of the 2005 Commission Recommendation on the independence, integrity and accountability of the national and Community statistical authorities.. The European Union is built on an institutional system which is the only one of its kind in the world. The Member States delegate sovereignty for certain The Commission traditionally upholds the interests of the Union as a whole, while each national government is represented within the Council, and the.. It has been noted by one researcher that the press releases issued by the Commission are uniquely political. A release often goes through several stages of drafting which emphasizes the role of the Commission and is used "for justifying the EU and the commission" increasing their length and complexity. Where there are multiple departments involved a press release can also be a source of competition between areas of the Commission and Commissioner's themselves. This also leads to an unusually high number of press releases, 1907 for 2006, and is seen as a unique product of the EU's political set-up."[49]

Commission Of The European Communities

Global fossil CO2 emissions increased in 2017 | EU Science HubPhil Hogan | Open Access Government

Commission of the European Communities Article about

  1. ation via Internet, internal network or any other..
  2. Previous (European Colonization of the Americas). Next (European Community (Union)). The European Commission (formally the Commission of the European Communities) is the executive branch of the European Union
  3. Still, the European Union functions by a three-pronged governing system including a council, a parliament, and a commission, and uses a common The treaty was comprised of three principle components: The European Communities, security and foreign policy, and cohesive domestic affairs..
  4. As the nation's health protection agency, CDC saves lives and protects people from health, safety, and security threats
  5. (3) See more in: Commission of the European Communities (2007). Because the Proposal on Community Patent relied on the European Patent Office for the issuing of Community patents, all member states of the European Union would have to accede to the European Patent Convention

European Communities - Wikipediam

One of the most successful Commissions was that headed by Jacques Delors (the Delors Commission), with later Presidents failing to meet the same success. Delors was credited with giving the Community a sense of direction and dynamism.[12] Delors and his team are also considered as the "founding fathers of the euro".[13] The International Herald Tribune noted the work of Delors at the end of his second term in 1992: "Mr. Delors rescued the European Community from the doldrums. He arrived when Europessimism was at its worst. Although he was a little-known former French finance minister, he breathed life and hope into the EC and into the dispirited Brussels Commission. In his first term, from 1985 to 1988, he rallied Europe to the call of the single market, and when appointed to a second term he began urging Europeans toward the far more ambitious goals of economic, monetary and political union."[14] Welcome to Europeana. Discover inspiring cultural heritage from European museums, galleries, libraries and archives. Singers and musicians from the 65 years of the Eurovision Song Contest, as found in the collections of Europe's museums, galleries, libraries and archives Category:European Commission. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. English: The European Commission is - next to the European Parliament and Council of the European Union - one of the main bodies of the European Union

Court of Justice of the European Communities — or European Court of Justice the principal court of the European Union, charged with ensuring that in the interpretation and application of the treaties the law is observed. It is a collegiate body and elects its own President. It is made up of… …   Law dictionary Russian Government - European Commission meetings. Permanent Partnership Council. The EU is represented by the President of European Council, the President of European Commission and the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy The European Commission — the EU's executive arm — speaks for all EU member States at almost all WTO meetings. Dispute cases involving the European Union (formerly European Communities). Place your mouse over a dispute number in the table below to see the title of the dispute According to figures published by the Commission, 23,043 persons were employed by the Commission as officials and temporary agents in April 2007. In addition to these, 9019 "external staff" (e.g. Contractual agents, detached national experts, young experts etc) were employed. The single largest DG is the Directorate-General for Translation, with a 2186-strong staff, while the largest group by nationality is Belgian (21.4 percent), probably due to a majority (16,626) of staff being based in the country.[50] The Commission's civil service is headed by a Secretary General, currently Catherine Day.[20] It means that Community assistance complements the contributions of the Member States rather than reducing them. Except for special reasons, the Member So the European Commission began reviewing the CAP in 1999. The EU agreed further reforms in 2003, with the emphasis on high-quality..

European Communities — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI

Commission of the European Communities definition and meanin

The alternative viewpoint on the Commission is that the policy areas in which it has power to initiate legislation are ill-suited to an institution accountable to electoral pressures. In this respect the Commission has been compared with institutions such as independent Central Banks, which deal with technical areas of policy that are of little electoral salience. In addition some defenders of the Commission point out that legislation must be approved by the Council in all areas (the ministers of member states) and the European Parliament in some areas before it can be adopted, thus the amount of legislation which is adopted in any one country without the approval of its government is limited.[59] The Commission of the European Communities—also known as the European Commission—is at the policy-making center of the European Union (EU). The EU had its beginnings in 1951 with the creation of the European Coal and Steel Community. This was followed by the 1957 Treaty of Rome.. The European Commission is the executive body of the European Union. The Commission operates as a cabinet government, with 27 Commissioners. There is one Commissioner per member state, though Commissioners are bound to represent the interests of the EU as a whole rather than.. The European University Association (EUA) represents more than 800 universities and national rectors' conferences in 48 European countries. The European Universities Initiative has been at the centre of many discussions in European higher education and research for the past couple of years

European Commission

  1. on the Commission's objectives, in the framework of the relations between the European Union and Latin America. Commission of the European Communities
  2. Notifications of approved prospectuses. European securities & market authorities (esma) publications. The commission. Public information. Regulated entities
  3. In relation to the question of urgency, the President found that most of Microsoft’s concerns could be dealt with in the licences granted to its competitors, for example, they could contain contractual safeguards concerning confidentiality and the use of the information pending the decision in the main action.
  4. European Commission: From 1 November 2009 onwards, the Commission shall consist of 13 commissioners selected on the basis of a system of equal rotation between the Member States, a President and a Minister for Foreign Affairs as Vice-President
  5. Alongside Moroccan based law firm Boukhris & Associés, we advise Azur Partners on the creation of the Azur Innovati… https://t.co/h8wTlkV5YT
  6. The European Commission's Strategic Report of October 9, 2002 recommended 10 candidate members for inclusion in the EU in 2004: Estonia, Latvia The European Community is one of two international organisations these states are members of -- the other is the European Atomic Energy..
  7. IEEE and its members inspire a global community to innovate for a better tomorrow through highly cited publications, conferences, technology standards, and professional and educational activities. IEEE is the trusted voice for engineering, computing, and technology information around the globe

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union, consisting of 27 member states that are subject to the obligations and the privileges of the membership. Every member state is part of the founding treaties of the union and is subjected to binding laws within the common legislative and.. Following their appointment, the President appoints a number of Vice-Presidents among the Commissioners. At present there are five, with Margot Wallström as the current "First" Vice President. For the most part, the position grants little extra power to Vice-Presidents, except the first Vice-President who stands in for the President when he is away. The Commission is composed of a 27-member college of "Commissioners," this is including the President and vice-presidents. Even though each member is appointed by a national government, one per state, they do not represent their state in the Commission. Once proposed, the President has responsibility to delegate portfolios among all of the members. The power of Commission largely depends upon their portfolio. For example, while the Culture Commissioner isn't a very important figure, the Competition Commissioner is a powerful position with global reach.[43] Before they can taken office, the college as a whole must be approved by the Parliament.[1] ..law, Directory of the Commission of the European Communities, Programme of research and actions on the development of the labour market European Communities (TARIC), The European Community, European Regional Development Fund, The energy situation in the Community Discover Book Depository's huge selection of Commission Of The European Communities books online. Free delivery worldwide on over 20 million titles Responding to the European Commission's economic forecast for Spring 2020, ETUC General Secretary Luca Visentini said 28/04/2020 : Letter to the European Commission on the Youth Guarantee Dear President von der Leyen, Dear Commissioner Schmit, In recent weeks every aspect..

commission of the european communities Manualz

  1. The European Commission released a stock taking exercise of the process in March, which demonstrated the progress made on five objectives The international community is also looking into next steps on sustainable development, following the Rio+20 conference that was held in June 2012
  2. History of the European Communities (1958-1972) — The history of the European Communities between 1958 and 1972 saw the early development of the European Communities. The European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) had just been joined by the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) and the… …   Wikipedia
  3. The original European Community was comprised of three organizations and governed by a series of treaties. These treaty organizations worked together to ensure fair and even policies were enacted and enforced across participating countries.
  4. The EC is politically accountable to Parliament, which has the power to dismiss the whole EC by adopting a motion of censure. Individual members of the EC must resign if asked to do so by the president, provided that the other commissioners approve. The EC attends sessions of Parliament and is responsible for formulating regulations governing political parties at the European Parliament level and providing for public funding for the party campaigns for Parliament.
  5. Originating in 1951 as the High Authority, the Commission has undergone numerous changes in power and composition under eleven Presidents.[2]
  6. The EC is made up of one member from each of the EU’s 27 member states. The Lisbon Treaty, which reformed the governance of the EU, went into effect on December 1, 2009. One of the treaty’s key provisions was to reduce the number of commissioners to two-thirds of that number by 2014 so that thereafter member states would provide the EC with commissioners on a rotating basis.

In particular the Commission has a duty to ensure the treaties and law are upheld, potentially by taking member states or other institutions to the Court of Justice in a dispute. In this role it is known informally as the "guardian of the treaties."[34] Finally, the Commission provides some external representation for the Union, along side the member states and the Common Foreign and Security Policy, representing the Union in bodies such as the World Trade Organization. It is also usual for the President to attend meetings of the G8.[35] The European Commission (formally the Commission of the European Communities) is the executive branch of the European Union. It operates in the method of cabinet government, with 27 "Commissioners," one for each country of the EU, led by a Commission President (currently José Manuel Barroso). The present Commission, known after its President as the "Barroso Commission" took office in late 2004 and is serving a five-year term. The body is responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the Union's treaties and the general day-to-day running of the Union.[1]

Category:European Commission - Wikimedia Common

European Commission (EC), an institution of the European Union (EU) and its constituent entities that makes up the organization’s executive arm. The European Commission is an institution of the European Union, responsible for proposing legislation and implementing decisions. Vice President of the European Commission. Günther H. Oettinger. European Commissioner - Energy

2. Community action shall be aimed at: - developing the European dimension in education, particularly through the teaching and dissemination of the languages of the Member States Promoting new forms of European governance is one of the four strategic priorities set by the Commission Microsoft have appealed the decision but, in these interim proceedings, also applied for interim measures to stay the above two remedies. The President of the CFI dismissed the application. In relation to both issues, the President held that Microsoft submissions could not be regarded as prima facie unfounded and, therefore, the prima facie case for granting the stay was satisfied. However, Microsoft did not prove that the stay was a matter of urgency in that it would cause the company serious and irreparable harm. Since the conditions for granting the stay were cumulative, the application was dismissed. On May 15, 2013 the European Commission recommended to the EU Council to sign the Association Agreement, and to allow its provisional application until the ratification procedures would be completed by all EU Member States However recently the Commission has moved into creating European criminal law. In 2006, an toxic waste spill off the coast of Côte d'Ivoire, from a European ship, prompted the Commission to look into legislation against toxic waste. Some EU states at that time did not even have a crime against shipping toxic waste leading to the Commissioners Franco Frattini and Stavros Dimas to put forward the idea of "ecological crimes." Their right to propose criminal law was challenged in the European Court of Justice but upheld. However as of 2007 the only other criminal law proposals have been on the intellectual property rights directive.[32] History of the European Communities (1973-1993) — The history of the European Communities between 1973 and 1993 saw the first enlargement of the Communities and increasing integration under the Delors Commission leading to the creation of the European Union in 1993.On 1 January 1973, Denmark,… …   Wikipedia

Commission of the European Communities

CEB: Commission of European Communities. What does CEB mean? Besides Commission of European Communities, CEB has other meanings. They are listed on the left below. Please scroll down and click to see each of them Three European Communities—European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM or EAEC) The European Parliament-the assembly of the EC, shall consist of 518 members. It will be consulted on the appointment of the EC Executive Commission The European Commission is the primary generator of new legislation in the EU. The Commission proposes new legislation and launches new policy Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 2000. This source offers a selective list of terms and concepts related to the EU

Council of Europe European Commission for the efficiency of justice

Office for Official Publications of the European Communities — (OOPEC)   A service agency of the Commission responsible for the publication and dissemination of EC reports, pamphlets and other publications …   Glossary of the European Union and European Communities History of the European Communities (1945-1957) — The history of the European Communities between 1945 and 1957 saw the first moves towards European unity as the first bodies began to be established in the aftermath of the Second World War. In 1951 the first community, the European Coal and… …   Wikipedia..of the European Communities), Regulation (EC) No 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 28 January 2002 laying down the general principles and requirements of food law 2 Happiness 3 Happiness serve the community make earth a paradise being like. Middlesex UK

CEC stands for Commission of the European Communities. Since 1993 he is an expert to the Commission of the European Communities, and from 1999 to 2010 Founder President of the International Network Regional & Local Development of Work & Labour/RLDWL The second organization in the European Community was the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC). It was put in place to attempt to regulate manufacturing practices across the member states. By integrating the steel and coal industries in western Europe, the ECSC was able to remove almost all trade barriers among member states in coal, steel, coke, scrap iron, and pig iron.EEC: Walter Hallstein (1958)2 EC: Jean Rey (1967) • Franco Maria Malfatti (1970) • Sicco Mansholt (1972) • François-Xavier Ortoli (1973) • Roy Jenkins (1977) • Gaston Thorn (1981) • Jacques Delors (1985)2 EU: Jacques Delors (1993) • Jacques Santer (1995) • Manuel Marín (1999) • Romano Prodi (1999) • José Manuel Barroso (2004)

BRUSSELS (AP) — European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker is urging people to carefully weigh their votes in the upcoming EU elections as polls show that populist and nationalist parties... The Latest: EU chief rues failure to enter Brexit campaign The European Commission ( EC ) is the executive branch of the European Union , responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the EU treaties. The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe The mission of the United States Embassy is to advance the interests of the United States, and to serve and protect U.S. citizens in the European Union Following the European Central Bank's (ECB) decision to leave its interest rates unchanged, Christine Lagarde, President of the ECB, is delivering her remarks on the monetary policy outlook in a press conference. Key takeaways: Ambitious effort needed in joint and coordinated policy action

Avrupa Komisyonu (İng: European Commission) ya da tam adıyla Avrupa Toplulukları Komisyonu (İng: Commission of the European Communities), yaklaşık 16.000 personelle desteklenip 27 komisyon üyesinden oluşan Avrupa Birliği politikalarının tasarlayıcısı ve koordinatörü.. The European Commission has asked consumers and 71 stake holders about food labelling (EC, 2006) and issued a proposal (COM, 2008) to update Adopting a broadly defined compliance-centred approach, the paper seeks to identify how some significant competitiveness obstacles of European..

The European Commission, its 20 commissioners, and 15,000 employees have three main functions: to initiate proposals for legislation, to ensure that the provisions of the various treaties underlying the EU are applied, and to manage and execute EU policy. The EU absorbed the European Communities as one of its three pillars. The EEC's areas of activities were enlarged and were renamed the European Each state also has a right to one European Commissioner each, although in the European Commission they are not supposed to represent.. Location Africa ASEAN Asia-Pacific Australia Belgium Central and Eastern Europe China Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Hungary India Indonesia Israel Italy Japan Latin America Luxembourg Malaysia Middle East Netherlands Nordic Region North America Poland Russia and the CIS Singapore Slovak Republic Southeast Europe and Turkey Spain Sweden Switzerland and Austria UK United Arab Emirates United States Western Europe Go The European Union (EU) and European Economic Area (EEA) - which countries are in the EU and EEA, the single market and free movement of goods, capital, services and people The Malfatti and Mansholt Commissions followed with work on monetary co-operation and the first enlargement to the north in 1973.[7][8] With that enlargement the Commission's membership increased to thirteen under the Ortoli Commission (the United Kingdom as a large member was granted two Commissioners), which dealt with the enlarged community during economic and international instability at that time.[5][9] The external representation of the Community took a step forward when President Roy Jenkins became the first President to attend a G8 summit on behalf of the Community.[10] Following the Jenkins Commission, Gaston Thorn's Commission oversaw the Community's enlargement to the south, in addition to beginning work on the Single European Act.[11]

Универсальный англо-русский словарь. Академик.ру. 2011. The European Commission is the EU staff. They make sure all members act consistently in regional, agricultural, and social policies. History. In 1950, the concept of a European trade area was first established. The European Coal and Steel Community had six founding members: Belgium, France..

The official website of the European Commission, providing access to information about its political priorities, policies and services. European Commission. Classes. en English The WHO Regional Office for Europe (WHO/Europe) is one of WHO's six regional offices around the world. WHO/Europe collaborates with a range of public health stakeholders in the Region and globally, to ensure that coordinated action is taken to develop and implement efficient health policies.. Please note that European visitors will need an ESTA travel authorization ..over the European Communities than any President since Hallstein; the European Commission as an institution also gained considerably in political The European Community that Delors left after his retirement in 1993 was a very different organisation from the European Communities he had helped..

of April 2003, the European Commission received from the EMCDDA the report on the risk assessment of TMA-2 (2,4,5-trimethoxyamphetamine) On 9 October 2009, the Commission of the European Communities received notification of a proposed concentration between Brookfield and BBI. Licences shall be transmitted by the Greenland Fisheries Authority to the Commission of the European Communities within 15 working days of.. The present Commission, the Barroso Commission, took office in late 2004 after being delayed by objections from the Parliament which forced a reshuffle. In 2007 the Commission increased from 25 to 27 members with the accession of Romania and Bulgaria who each appointed their own Commissioners. With the increasing size of the Commission, President Barroso has adopted a more Presidential style of control over the college, which has earned him some criticism.[44] Furthermore, there has also been a greater degree of politicization within the Commission, being welcomed by Commissioner Wallström as necessary for citizens' engagement in European affairs.[45] The proposed Lisbon Treaty, the details of which were agreed in June 2007, largely retains the reforms outlined in the rejected Constitutional Treaty.[60] The constitution's reforms proposed a number of changes, notably the number of Commissioners would be reduced; from 2014 only two out of three member-states would have the right to representation. The representation would be rotated equally between all states and no state would have more than two in any single Commission. The Commission would also include the new High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, as one of the Vice Presidents, replacing the External Relations Commissioner. The High Representative would have been called the "Union Foreign Minister" – the first time a member of the Commission held the common national title of "Minister." In the appointment of the Commission, the most recent European elections would have to be taken into account. It is thought this would create a stronger link between the elections and the Commission, however the President would still be proposed by the Council. Although when the Parliament votes on the Commission, the treaty changes the term "approve" to "elect" in referring to the vote: it is unknown yet if this will produce practical change.[61]

The organization did not include military uses of nuclear materials as part of its oversight. Instead, it focused on trade issues and establishing health and safety regulations for atomic energy. This document has been prepared for use within the Commission. It does not necessarily represent the Commission's official position. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 1993 ISBN 92-826-5423- © ECSC-EEC-EAEC, Brussels • Luxembourg, 1993.. European Commission in British English. Former name (until 1993): Commission of the European Communities. Collins English Dictionary. Copyright © HarperCollins Publishers

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